Wood density of Araucaria angustifolia wood from overstocked stand

Wood density of Araucaria angustifolia wood from overstocked stand
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Wood density of Araucaria angustifolia wood from overstocked stand

The aim of this work was to evaluate the radial and longitudinal variations of wood specific gravity in an overstocked stand of Araucaria angustifolia, with 65 years. The stand was located in the National Forest of Açungui, Campo Largo, Parana State, Brazil, with thinning recorded between 1970 and 1...

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Translated title: Density of Araucaria angustifolia wood from overstocked stand
Journal Title: Pesquisa Florestal Brasileira
Main Author: Rafaella De Angeli Curto
Other Authors: Patricia Póvoa de Mattos;
Evaldo Muñoz Braz;
Sylvio Pellico Netto;
Randolf Zachow
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Language: English
Get full text: http://pfb.cnpf.embrapa.br/pfb/index.php/pfb/article/view/963
Resource type: Journal article
Source: Pesquisa Florestal Brasileira; Vol 36, No 85 (Year 2016).
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4336/2016.pfb.36.85.963
Publisher: Embrapa Florestas
Usage rights: Reconocimiento - NoComercial - SinObraDerivada (by-nc-nd)
Subjects: Sciences --> Biodiversity Conservation
Sciences --> Biology
Sciences --> Environmental Sciences
Applied Sciences --> Agriculture, Multidisciplinary
Applied Sciences --> Agronomy
Applied Sciences --> Forestry
Abstract: The aim of this work was to evaluate the radial and longitudinal variations of wood specific gravity in an overstocked stand of Araucaria angustifolia, with 65 years. The stand was located in the National Forest of Açungui, Campo Largo, Parana State, Brazil, with thinning recorded between 1970 and 1980, without subsequent thinnings. We selected three trees for each diameter class: 10-30 cm, 30-50 cm and 50-70 cm. To the longitudinal analysis, we collected discs from seven heights (0, 20, 40, 60, 80 and 100% of commercial stem and at 1.3 m). The barks were removed and it was obtained opposite wedges until pith and five samples were taken in radial direction from each disk. In general, there was an increase of wood specific gravity in radial direction. The average differed significantly along the stem, with decreasing trend of wood specific gravity in the longitudinal direction. However, average specific gravity at 60% of commercial height was higher than at 40%, than reducing to the top, indicating effect of competition that occurred in the area. The no uniform wood along stem indicates negative effects of the lack of management in the stand.
Translated abstract: The aim of this work was to evaluate the radial and longitudinal variations of wood specific gravity in an overstocked stand of Araucaria angustifolia, with 65 years. The stand was located in the National Forest of Açungui, Campo Largo, Parana State, Brazil, with thinning recorded between 1970 and 1980, without subsequent thinnings. We selected three trees for each diameter class: 10-30 cm, 30-50 cm and 50-70 cm. To the longitudinal analysis, we collected discs from seven heights (0, 20, 40, 60, 80 and 100% of commercial stem and at 1.3 m). The barks were removed and it was obtained opposite wedges until pith and five samples were taken in radial direction from each disk. In general, there was an increase of wood specific gravity in radial direction. The average differed significantly along the stem, with decreasing trend of wood specific gravity in the longitudinal direction. However, average specific gravity at 60% of commercial height was higher than at 40%, than reducing to the top, indicating effect of competition that occurred in the area. The no uniform wood along stem indicates negative effects of the lack of management in the stand.Index terms: Quality of wood; Radial and longitudinal variations; CompetitionMassa específica básica da madeira de Araucaria angustifolia em povoamento superestocadoO objetivo do presente trabalho foi avaliar as variações radiais e longitudinais de massa específica básica da madeira em um plantio superestocado com 65 anos de Araucaria angustifolia. O plantio, localizado na Floresta Nacional de Açungui, Campo Largo, PR, foi desbastado entre 1970 e 1980, não havendo registros de desbastes posteriores a essa data. Foram selecionadas três árvores para cada classe de diâmetro: 10-30 cm, 30-50 cm e 50-70 cm. Para a análise longitudinal, foram seccionados discos em sete alturas (0, 20, 40, 60, 80 e 100% da altura comercial e a 1,3 m do solo), sendo removidas as cascas e retiradas duas cunhas opostas até a medula e cinco corpos de prova no sentido radial de cada disco. Em geral, na direção radial houve aumento da massa específica. As médias da massa específica diferiram estatisticamente ao longo do fuste, com diminuição da massa específica na direção longitudinal. No entanto, a massa específica média a 60% da altura comercial foi maior do que a 40%, com redução a partir dessa altura em direção ao topo, indicando efeito da competição que ocorreu na área. A desuniformidade da madeira ao longo do fuste é um indicativo dos efeitos negativos da falta de manejo na área.