SEVERITY OF RAMULARIA LEAF SPOT AND SEED COTTON YIELD IN DIFFERENT SOWING TIMES

SEVERITY OF RAMULARIA LEAF SPOT AND SEED COTTON YIELD IN DIFFERENT SOWING TIMES
QR Code

SEVERITY OF RAMULARIA LEAF SPOT AND SEED COTTON YIELD IN DIFFERENT SOWING TIMES

The ramularia leaf spot (RLS) disease causes cotton yield losses. Choosing a less susceptible cultivar and a sowing time that are less favorable to the pathogen contribute to the management of this disease. The objective of this work was to evaluate the severity of ramularia leaf spot on cotton cult...

Full abstract

Saved in:
Translated title: RELAÇÃO ENTRE SEVERIDADE DA MANCHA DE RAMULÁRIA E PRODUTIVIDADE DE ALGODOEIRO EM DUAS ÉPOCAS DE SEMEADURA
Journal Title: Revista Caatinga
Main Author: João Paulo Ascari
Other Authors: Dejânia Vieira de Araújo;
Leonardo Diogo Ehle Dias;
Giovani Junior Bagatini;
Inês Roeder Nogueira Mendes
Palabras clave:
Traslated keyword:
Language: English
Get full text: http://periodicos.ufersa.edu.br/revistas/index.php/sistema/article/view/4608
Resource type: Journal article
Source: Revista Caatinga; Vol 29, No 3 (Year 2016).
Publisher: Universidade Federal Rural do Semi-Árido
Usage rights: Sin permisos preestablecidos
Subjects: Sciences --> Biology
Sciences --> Environmental Sciences
Applied Sciences --> Agriculture, Multidisciplinary
Applied Sciences --> Agronomy
Abstract: The ramularia leaf spot (RLS) disease causes cotton yield losses. Choosing a less susceptible cultivar and a sowing time that are less favorable to the pathogen contribute to the management of this disease. The objective of this work was to evaluate the severity of ramularia leaf spot on cotton cultivars sowed in two different times. The experiment was conducted in a triple factorial design (4x3x2), consisted of four cultivars, the three thirds of the plant and two sowing times, with four replications. Each plot was divided in two twin plots, one with fungicide application (with disease control) and the other without fungicide application (without disease control). The severity assessments were performed every seven days, considering each third of the plant with a diagrammatic scale. Yield was evaluated in each plot. There was a significant interaction between sowing times and the thirds of the plant in the plots without disease control for RLS severity, with the highest values of area under the disease progress curve (AUDPC) in the first sowing time (ST1) and in the lower third of the plant. The FMT705 cultivar had the highest and FM951LL the lowest value of AUDPC. The AUDPC of these cultivars were no statistically different in the second sowing time (ST2), but they had higher AUDPC values in the lower third. Highest yields were found with ST1 in plots with disease control, with no differences between the cultivars, however, lower yields were found in plots without disease control.
Translated abstract: A mancha de ramulária promove perdas de produtividade do algodoeiro, em que a escolha da cultivar menos suscetível e a época de semeadura menos favorável ao patógeno contribuem para o manejo da doença. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a severidade da mancha de ramulária em cultivares de algodão conduzido em duas épocas de semeadura. O experimento foi conduzido em esquema fatorial triplo (4x3x2), sendo quatro cultivares, três terços da planta e duas épocas de semeadura, com quatro repetições. Cada parcela foi dividida em duas parcelas gêmeas, onde uma parcela recebeu aplicação de fungicidas (com controle) e a outra parcela não recebeu aplicação de fungicidas (sem controle). As avaliações de severidade foram feitas a cada sete dias, considerando cada terço da planta com auxílio de uma escala diagramática. A produtividade foi avaliada na área útil de cada parcela gêmea. Houve interação significativa entre as épocas de semeadura e terços da planta nas parcelas sem controle, onde os maiores valores da área abaixo da curva de progresso da severidade (AACPS) da mancha de ramulária foram observados na primeira época de semeadura (ES1) e no terço inferior da planta. As cultivares FMT 705 e FM 951 LL apresentaram menor e maior valor de AACPS, respectivamente. Na segunda época de semeadura (ES2), as cultivares não diferiram estatisticamente para AACPS, porém apresentaram maior valor no terço inferior. A maior produtividade ocorreu na ES1 nas parcelas gêmeas com controle, não diferindo entre as cultivares, porém foi menor quando não houve tratamento com fungicidas.