ANTIBACTERIAL POTENTIAL OF NATIVE PLANTS FROM THE CAATINGA BIOME AGAINST Staphylococcus spp. ISOLATES FROM SMALL RUMINANTS WITH MASTITIS

ANTIBACTERIAL POTENTIAL OF NATIVE PLANTS FROM THE CAATINGA BIOME AGAINST Staphylococcus spp. ISOLATES FROM SMALL RUMINANTS WITH MASTITIS
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ANTIBACTERIAL POTENTIAL OF NATIVE PLANTS FROM THE CAATINGA BIOME AGAINST Staphylococcus spp. ISOLATES FROM SMALL RUMINANTS WITH MASTITIS

The aim of the present study is to assess the antibacterial potential of plants from the Caatinga biome of the semi-arid region of Pernambuco, against Staphylococcus spp. isolates from cases of subclinical mastitis in small ruminants, such as goats and ewes. Ethanolic extracts of the following plant...

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Translated title: POTENCIAL ANTIBACTERIANO DE PLANTAS NATIVAS DO BIOMA CAATINGA FRENTE A Staphylococcus spp. ISOLADOS DE MASTITE EM PEQUENOS RUMINANTES
Journal Title: Revista Caatinga
Main Author: Rodolfo de Moraes Peixoto
Other Authors: Wellington Erasmo Lima e Silva;
Jackson Roberto Guedes Silva Almeida;
Alexsandro Branco;
Mateus Matiuzzi da Costa
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Language: English
Get full text: http://periodicos.ufersa.edu.br/revistas/index.php/sistema/article/view/4388
Resource type: Journal article
Source: Revista Caatinga; Vol 29, No 3 (Year 2016).
Publisher: Universidade Federal Rural do Semi-Árido
Usage rights: Sin permisos preestablecidos
Subjects: Sciences --> Biology
Sciences --> Environmental Sciences
Applied Sciences --> Agriculture, Multidisciplinary
Applied Sciences --> Agronomy
Abstract: The aim of the present study is to assess the antibacterial potential of plants from the Caatinga biome of the semi-arid region of Pernambuco, against Staphylococcus spp. isolates from cases of subclinical mastitis in small ruminants, such as goats and ewes. Ethanolic extracts of the following plants from the Caatinga biome were used: Encholirium spectabile Mart., Bromelia laciniosa Mart., Neoglaziovia variegata Mez., Amburana cearensis (Fr. Allem.) A.C.Smith, Hymenaea martiana Hayne, and Selaginella convoluta Spring. The presence of phenolic components, flavonoids, steroids, and terpenoids was verified for all the tested extracts. The mean minimal bactericide concentrations of the extracts of E. spectabile, B. laciniosa, and N. variegate were 11,379, 11,405, and 11,995 µg/mL, respectively. The highest inhibitory activities were observed for A. cearensis and H. martiana, which inhibited 88.1 and 99.4% of the isolates, respectively. Other studies focusing on in vitro and in vivo activities should be undertaken.
Translated abstract: Objetivou-se avaliar o potencial antibacteriano de plantas do bioma Caatinga do semi-árido pernambucano contra Staphylococcus spp. isolados de casos de mastite subclínica em pequenos ruminantes. Foram utilizados seis extratos etanólicos de plantas existentes no bioma Caatinga do semiárido Pernambucano, como Encholirium spectabile Mart., Bromelia laciniosa Mart., Neoglaziovia variegata Mez., Amburana cearensis (Fr. Allem.) A.C.Smith, Hymenaea martiana Hayne. e Selaginella convoluta Spring. Observou-se a presença de compostos fenólicos, flavonoides, esteroides e terpenoides em todos os extratos avaliados neste estudo. Observou-se que os extratos da E. spectabile, B. laciniosa e N. variegata apresentaram atividade antimicrobiana, com as seguintes médias para a concentração bactericida mínima: 11.379, 11.405 e 11.995 µg/mL, respectivamente. Observou-se maior atividade inibitória para as espécies A. cearensis e H. martiana, que inibiram 88,1 e 99,4 % dos isolados, respectivamente. O extrato etanólico da S. convoluta apresentou o menor percentual de inibição, sendo igual a 15% (n=24/160). Considerando o potencial antibacteriano destas plantas do bioma Caatinga frente à Staphylococcus isolados de casos de mastite subclínica em caprinos e ovinos, outros estudos sobre a atividade in vivo devem ser realizados.