INSETICIDAL OILS FROM AMAZON PLANTS IN CONTROL OF FALL ARMYWORM

INSETICIDAL OILS FROM AMAZON PLANTS IN CONTROL OF FALL ARMYWORM
QR Code

INSETICIDAL OILS FROM AMAZON PLANTS IN CONTROL OF FALL ARMYWORM

The potential insecticidal of oils from southwestern Amazon plants against Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith, 1797) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) was investigated. Initial bioassays were performed with undiluted oils from 11 plant species. The efficacy of the oils was evaluated against eggs and third-in...

Full abstract

Saved in:
Translated title: ÓLEOS INSETICIDAS DE PLANTAS DA AMAZÔNIA NO CONTROLE DA LAGARTA-DO-CARTUCHO
Journal Title: Revista Caatinga
Main Author: Ana Cláudia Vieira dos Santos
Other Authors: Carromberth Carioca Fernandes;
Lucas Martins Lopes;
Adalberto Hipólito Sousa
Palabras clave:
Traslated keyword:
Language: English
Get full text: http://periodicos.ufersa.edu.br/revistas/index.php/sistema/article/view/4950
Resource type: Journal article
Source: Revista Caatinga; Vol 29, No 3 (Year 2016).
Publisher: Universidade Federal Rural do Semi-Árido
Usage rights: Sin permisos preestablecidos
Subjects: Sciences --> Biology
Sciences --> Environmental Sciences
Applied Sciences --> Agriculture, Multidisciplinary
Applied Sciences --> Agronomy
Abstract: The potential insecticidal of oils from southwestern Amazon plants against Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith, 1797) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) was investigated. Initial bioassays were performed with undiluted oils from 11 plant species. The efficacy of the oils was evaluated against eggs and third-instar caterpillars of S. frugiperda. The oils of Copaifera sp. (Leguminosae), Orbignya phalerata (Arecaceae), and Carapa guianensis (Meliaceae) displayed a high efficacy against the caterpillars and were used in subsequent concentration-response bioassays, at concentrations established through preliminary tests. The highest nonlethal concentrations of oils and the lowest lethal concentrations were calculated. A completely randomized design was adopted in both bioassays. The LC50 of the oils varied from 7.50 to 60.84% (v/v). Copaifera sp. oil had the highest toxicity and was 6.84-fold more toxic than O. phalerata oil and 8.11-fold more toxic than Carapa guianensis oil. In general, oils from Copaifera sp., O. phalerata, and Carapa guianensis were effective in controlling S. frugiperda caterpillars under laboratory conditions, and are good candidates for use in integrated management programs of corn pests.
Translated abstract: Investigou-se o potencial inseticida de óleos vegetais de plantas ocorrentes na Amazônia Sul Ocidental sobre Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith, 1797) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Inicialmente, foram realizados bioensaios utilizando-se óleos puros (sem diluições), oriundos de 11 espécies vegetais. A eficiência dos óleos foi avaliada para ovos e para lagartas de terceiro ínstar de S. frugiperda. Os óleos de Copaifera sp. (Leguminosae), Orbignya phalerata (Arecaceae) e Carapa guianensis (Meliaceae) apresentaram elevada eficiência para as lagartas de S. frugiperda, sendo, portanto utilizados nos bioensaios subsequentes de concentração-resposta. As concentrações de cada óleo, utilizadas nestes testes de concentração-mortalidade, foram estabelecidas por meio de testes preliminares. Estabeleceram-se as maiores concentrações dos óleos em que não ocorresse morte de insetos e as menores concentrações em que ocorresse a maior mortalidade. Com base nos dados obtidos, foram estabelecidos os intervalos definitivos. O delineamento inteiramente casualizado foi adotado em ambos os bioensaios. As CL50 variaram de 7,50 a 60,84% (v/v) entre os óleos. O óleo de Copaifera sp. apresentou maior toxicidade para as lagartas, sendo 6,84 vezes mais tóxico que o óleo de O. phalerata e 8,11 vezes mais tóxico que o óleo de Carapa guianensis. Em geral, os óleos de Copaifera sp., O. phalerata e Carapa guianensis são eficazes no controle de lagartas de S. frugiperda, sob condições de laboratório, destacando-se como candidatos a uso nos programas de manejo integrado das pragas do milho.